Recently, in an interview with the French TV channel France 24, Armenian President Armen Sarkisian stated that Turkey’s main goal in the Karabakh conflict is control over energy projects in the Caspian region. Now we will try to understand in more detail what projects we are talking about.
We have already written more than once that a number of important pipelines pass through the territory of Azerbaijan, which deliver Baku oil and gas to Southern Europe in transit through Georgia and Turkey. However, the volumes of these supplies are not large enough and cannot fully meet the needs of all recipient countries. In order to reduce dependence on Russian gas and enter new suppliers, the members of the European Union need to find a common language with the countries of Central Asia. Two republics play a key role in this issue: Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. The latter, due to the peculiarities of domestic policy and the status of neutrality proclaimed on December 12, 1995, is rather difficult for any contacts with the outside world.
And yet, despite some difficulties, the project of a gas pipeline from Turkmenistan to Europe, at the moment, is seriously considered as one of the most promising options for reducing dependence on Russian gas. The so-called Trans-Caspian gas pipeline, which was previously repeatedly discussed in the European Union, has become relevant again thanks to the diplomatic efforts of Turkey and Azerbaijan. Both countries have fairly close cultural and historical ties with Turkmenistan. It is assumed that the pipeline will connect the cities of Turkmenbashi and Baku across the Caspian, and in the future, a gas pipeline from the Kazakh city of Tengiz will also be connected to it.
To implement such a large project, it is necessary to ensure, first of all, the safety of pipelines passing through the territory of Azerbaijan. The presence of the Karabakh conflict and the constant threat of war call into question the possibility of future uninterrupted supplies of Caspian gas to Europe. Thus, it becomes clear why many members of the European Union are in no hurry to voice their position on the war in Nagorno-Karabakh and refuse to impose sanctions on Turkey. The final solution to the Karabakh conflict within the framework of the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan will protect the key national oil and gas pipelines of this country from the attack of the Armenian army, give the EU the opportunity to establish transit of energy resources from Central Asia to European countries and significantly reduce Europe’s dependence on Russian gas.
SOURCE: Telegram channel @PolitNor